2018最新版美国公民入籍考试100题

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题目下全部是正确答案比如说,第 2 题「宪法的作用是什么?」下面有三条:

  • Sets up the government(建立政府体制)
  • Defines the government (定义政府)
  • Protects basic rights of Americans (保护美国人的基本权利)

这三条全都是正确答案。而像第 87 题「列举一个印第安部落」,只需从所有答案中回答一个即可。

这些问题涉及很多历史知识,若有兴趣进一步了解,可阅读移民局的 Learn About the United States。

移民面试 100 题

编号 英文 中文 朗读
一、 AMERICAN GOVERNMENT 美国政府
A Principles of American Democracy 美国民主原则
1 What is the supreme law of the land? 美国的最高法律是什么?

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The Constitution 宪法
2 What does the Constitution do? 宪法的作用是什么?

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Sets up the government 建立政府体制
Defines the government 定义政府
Protects basic rights of Americans 保护美国人的基本权利
3 The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words? 宪法的前三个字说明自治的概念 。这三个字是什么?

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We the People 我们人民
4 What is an amendment? 什么是修正案?

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A change (to the Constitution) 宪法的更正
An addition (to the Constitution) 宪法的补充
5 What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution? 宪法的前十项修正案称为什么?

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The Bill of Rights 权利法案
6* What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment? 列举第一条修正案中的一项权利或自由 。

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Speech 言论自由
Religion 宗教自由
Assembly 集会结社的自由
Press 出版自由
Petition the government 向政府请愿的权利
7 How many amendments does the Constitution have? 宪法有几条修正案?

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Twenty-seven (27) 27 条
8 What did the Declaration of Independence do? 「独立宣言」的作用是什么?

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Announced our independence (from Great Britain) 宣布美国脱离英国独立
Declared our independence (from Great Britain) 宣告美国脱离英国独立
Said that the United States is free (from Great Britain) 表示美国脱离英国独立
9 What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence? 列举「独立宣言」中的两项权利 。

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Life 生命的权利
Liberty 自由的权利
Pursuit of happiness 追求幸福的权利
10 What is freedom of religion? 什么是宗教自由?

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You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion. 你可以信仰任何宗教,也可不信任何宗教 。
11* What is the economic system in the United States? 美国的经济制度是什么?

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Capitalist economy 资本主义经济
Market economy 市场经济
12 What is the “rule of law”? 「法治」是什么?

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Everyone must follow the law. 人人都应遵守法律
Leaders must obey the law. 领导人必须遵守法律
Government must obey the law. 政府必须遵守法律
No one is above the law. 没有任何人在法律之上
B System of Government 政治体制  朗读
13* Name one branch or part of the government. 列举政府体制的一个分支或部门 。

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Congress 国会
Legislative 立法部门
President 总统
Executive 行政部门
The courts 法院
Judicial 司法部门
14 What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful? 什么防止一个政府分支变得过于强大?

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Checks and balances 制衡
Separation of powers 权力分立
15 Who is in charge of the executive branch? 谁负责行政部门?

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The President 总统
16 Who makes federal laws? 谁制定联邦法律?

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Congress 国会
Senate and House (of Representatives) 参议院及众议院
(U.S. or national) legislature 美国/国家立法部门
17* What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress? 美国国会由哪两个部分组成?

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The Senate and House (of Representatives) 参议院与众议院
18 How many U.S. Senators are there? 美国参议员有几位?

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One hundred (100) 100 位
19 We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years? 我们选出的美国参议员任职多少年?

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Six (6) 6年
20* Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now? 列举您所在州一位现任美国参议员名字。

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Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.] 答案依所在州不同而异 。〔住在 DC 和美国领土的居民可答:DC(或应试居民所在领地)没有美国参议员 。〕
21 The House of Representatives has how many voting members? 众议院中有投票权的众议员有几位?

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Four hundred thirty-five (435) 435位
22 We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years? 我们选出的美国众议员任职多少年?

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Two (2) 2年
23 Name your U.S. Representative. 列举您所在选区一位美国众议员的名字 。

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Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.] 答案依所在州不同而异 。〔住在没有投票权的美国领地当地代表或专员之应试者可以说明当地代表或专员的姓名 。说明自己选区没有国会(投票)代表也是可接受的答案 。〕
24 Who does a U.S. Senator represent? 美国参议员代表何人?

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All people of the state 其所在州的所有人民
25 Why do some states have more Representatives than other states? 为什么有些州的众议员人数比其他州多?

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(Because of) the state’s population 由于该州的人口
(Because) they have more people 由于该州有更多人口
(Because) some states have more people 由于该州的人口比其他州多
26 We elect a President for how many years? 我们选出的总统任职多少年?

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Four (4) 4年
27* In what month do we vote for President? 我们在哪一个月选总统?

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November 十一月
28* What is the name of the President of the United States now? 现任美国总统的名字是什么?

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Donald J. Trump 唐纳德-创普
Trump 创普
29 What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now? 现任美国副总统的名字是什么?

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Michael R. Pence 迈克尔-彭斯。
Mike Pence 迈克-彭斯
Pence 彭斯
30 If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President? 如果总统不能视事,则由谁成为总统?

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The Vice President 副总统
31 If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President? 如总统副总统都不能视事,则谁成为总统?

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The Speaker of the House 众议院议长
32 Who is the Commander in Chief of the military? 谁是三军统帅?

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The President 总统
33 Who signs bills to become laws? 谁签署法案使之成为法律?

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The President 总统
34 Who vetoes bills? 谁否决法案?

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The President 总统
35 What does the President’s Cabinet do? 总统的内阁做什么事?

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Advises the President 向总统提出建议
36 What are two Cabinet-level positions? 请列举两个内阁级别的职位。

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Secretary of Agriculture 农业部长
Secretary of Commerce 商务部长
Secretary of Defense 国防部长
Secretary of Education 教育部长
Secretary of Energy 能源部长
Secretary of Health and Human Services 健康与人类服务部长
Secretary of Homeland Security 国土安全部长
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development 住宅与都市发展部长
Secretary of the Interior 内政部长
Secretary of Labor 劳工部长
Secretary of State 国务卿
Secretary of Transportation 交通部长
Secretary of the Treasury 财政部长
Secretary of Veterans Affairs 退伍军人事务部长
Attorney General 司法部长
Vice President 副总统
37 What does the judicial branch do? 司法部门做什么?

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Reviews laws 审查法律
Explains laws 解释法律
Resolves disputes (disagreements) 解决争议
Decides if a law goes against the Constitution 决定某一法律是否牴触宪法
38 What is the highest court in the United States? 美国最高法院是什么?

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The Supreme Court 联邦最高法院
39 How many justices are on the Supreme Court? 最高法院有几位大法官?

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Nine (9) 9位
40 Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now? 现任联邦首席大法官是谁?

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John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.) 约翰-罗伯兹
41 Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government? 根据我国宪法,有些权力属于联邦政府 ,请列举一项。

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To print money 印制钞票
To declare war 宣战
To create an army 创立军队
To make treaties 签订条约
42 Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states? 根据我国宪法,有些权力属于州政府 ,请列举一项。

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Provide schooling and education 提供教育
Provide protection (police) 提供保护(警员)
Provide safety (fire departments) 提供安全(消防局)
Give a driver’s license 提供驾驶执照
Approve zoning and land use 批准区划与土地使用
43 Who is the Governor of your state now? 您居住州的现任州长是谁?

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Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a Governor.] 答案依居住州不同而异 。〔哥伦比亚特区的居民应回答:「我们没有州长 。」〕
44* What is the capital of your state? 您居住州的首府是哪里?

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Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.] 答案依居住州不同而异 。〔哥伦比亚特区居民应回答 DC 不是一个州,没有首府 。美国领地居民应回答居住领地的首府 。〕
45* What are the two major political parties in the United States? 请说出美国当今的两大政党。

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Democratic and Republican 民主党与共和党
46 What is the political party of the President now? 现任总统属于哪个政党?

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Republican (Party) 共和党
47 What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now? 现任国会众议院议长的名字是什么?

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Paul D. Ryan 保罗-戴维斯-莱恩
(Paul) Ryan 保罗-莱恩
 C Rights and Responsibilities 权利与责任  朗读
48 There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them. 宪法中有四个关于谁可以投票的修正案 ,请列举一个 。

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Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote). 18岁以上的公民可以投票。
You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote. 您投票不必缴钱/投票税。
Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.) 任何公民都可投票。男性与女性都可投票。
A male citizen of any race (can vote). 任何种族的男性公民都可以投票。
49* What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens? 列举一项美国公民才有的责任?

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Serve on a jury 当陪审员
Vote in a federal election 在联邦选举中投票
50 Name one right only for United States citizens. 列举一项美国公民才享有的权利 。

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Vote in a federal election 在联邦选举中投票的权利
Run for federal office 竞选公职的权利
51 What are two rights of everyone living in the United States? 列举每个住在美国的人都有的两项权利。

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Freedom of expression 表达自由
Freedom of speech 言论自由
Freedom of assembly 集会结社的自由
Freedom to petition the government 向政府请愿的自由
Freedom of worship (religion) 宗教自由
The right to bear arms 持有武器的自由
52 What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance? 当我们宣誓效忠时,是向什么表达忠诚?

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The United States 美利坚合众国
The flag 国旗
53 What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen? 列举当您成为美国公民时做出的一项承诺。

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Give up loyalty to other countries 放弃效忠其他国家
Defend the Constitution and laws of the United States 护卫美国的宪法及法律
Obey the laws of the United States 遵守美国的法律
Serve in the U.S. military (if needed) 必要时加入美国军队
Serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed) 必要时为国效劳、为国做重要工作
Be loyal to the United States 效忠美国
54* How old do citizens have to be to vote for President? 美国公民必须几岁才能投票选举总统?

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Eighteen (18) and older 18岁以上
55 What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy? 列举美国人参与民主政治的两种方法。

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Vote 投票
Join a political party 加入政党
Help with a campaign 协助竞选活动
Join a civic group 加入公民团体
Join a community group 加入社区团体
Give an elected official your opinion on an issue 向民选官员提供自己对某项议题的意见
Call Senators and Representatives 拨电给参议员和众议员
Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy 公开支持或反对某个议题或政策
Run for office 竞选公职
Write to a newspaper 向报社投函
56* When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms? 寄送联邦所得税表的截止日期是哪一天?

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April 15 每年4月15日
57 When must all men register for the Selective Service? 所有男性多大年龄必须注册兵役登记?

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At age eighteen (18) 18岁
Between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26) 18-26岁之间
二、 AMERICAN HISTORY 美国历史  
 A Colonial Period and Independence 殖民期与独立  朗读
58 What is one reason colonists came to America? 殖民者到美国的原因有哪些?列举一项。

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Freedom 自由
Political liberty 政治自由
Religious freedom 宗教自由
Economic opportunity 经济机会
Practice their religion 从事宗教活动
Escape persecution 逃避迫害
59 Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived? 在欧洲人抵达之前谁在美国居住?

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American Indians 美国印地安人
Native Americans 美国原住民
60 What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves? 哪一群人被带到美国并被贩卖为奴?

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Africans 非洲人
People from Africa 来自非洲的人
61 Why did the colonists fight the British? 殖民者为何与英国作战?

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Because of high taxes (taxation without representation) 因为高额捐税(只缴税,没有代表权)
Because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering) 因为英国军队住在他们家内(寄宿、宿营)
Because they didn’t have self-government 因为他们没有自治权
62 Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? 「独立宣言」是谁写的?

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(Thomas) Jefferson 托马斯-杰佛逊
63 When was the Declaration of Independence adopted? 「独立宣言」是何时通过实施的?

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July 4, 1776 1776年7月4日
64 There were 13 original states. Name three. 美国原先有13个州 ,请列举其中3个 。

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New Hampshire 新罕布夏
Massachusetts 麻萨诸塞
Rhode Island 罗德岛
Connecticut 康乃狄克
New York 纽约
New Jersey 纽泽西
Pennsylvania 宾夕法尼亚
Delaware 德拉瓦
Maryland 马里兰
Virginia 维吉尼亚
North Carolina 北卡罗莱纳
South Carolina 南卡罗莱纳
Georgia 乔治亚
65 What happened at the Constitutional Convention? 制宪会议达成了什么事?

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The Constitution was written. 拟定宪法 。
The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution. 开国诸贤拟定了宪法 。
66 When was the Constitution written? 宪法是何时拟定的?

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1787 1787年
67 The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers. 《联邦论》支持美国宪法的通过 。请列举《联邦论》的一名作者 。

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(James) Madison 詹姆士-麦迪森
(Alexander) Hamilton 亚历山大-汉米尔顿
(John) Jay 约翰-杰伊
Publius 普布利乌斯
68 What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for? 列举一项本杰明-富兰克林的著名事迹。

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U.S. diplomat 美国外交官
Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention 制宪会议年纪最长的成员
First Postmaster General of the United States 美国第一任邮政总局局长
Writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac” 《穷人理查年鉴》的作者
Started the first free libraries 开办第一个免费图书馆
69 Who is the “Father of Our Country”? 谁是「美国国父」?

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(George) Washington 乔治-华盛顿
70* Who was the first President? 谁是第一任总统?

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(George) Washington 乔治-华盛顿
 B 1800s 1800 年代  朗读
71 What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803? 美国在1803年向法国购买了哪块领地?

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The Louisiana Territory 路易士安纳领地
Louisiana 路易士安纳
72 Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s. 列举一场美国在1800年代参与的战争 。

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War of 1812 1812年战争
Mexican-American War 美墨战争
Civil War 内战
Spanish-American War 美国与西班牙战争
73 Name the U.S. war between the North and the South. 请说出美国南方与北方之间战争的名称 。

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The Civil War 内战
The War Between the States 州际战争
74 Name one problem that led to the Civil War. 列举一项导致内战的问题 。

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Slavery 奴隶制度
Economic reasons 经济原因
States’ rights 各州的权利
75* What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did? 亚伯拉罕-林肯有哪些重要事迹?列举一项。

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Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation) 解放奴隶(《解放宣言》)
Saved (or preserved) the Union 拯救(保留)联盟
Led the United States during the Civil War 在内战期间引领美国
76 What did the Emancipation Proclamation do? 《解放宣言》有什么作用?

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Freed the slaves 解放了奴隶
Freed slaves in the Confederacy 解放了联邦制下的奴隶
Freed slaves in the Confederate states 解放了联邦各州的奴隶
Freed slaves in most Southern states 解放了南方大部分州的奴隶
77 What did Susan B. Anthony do? 苏珊 B. 安东尼的事迹是什么?

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Fought for women’s rights 为女权奋斗
Fought for civil rights 为民权奋斗
 C Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information 美国近代史与其他重要的历史资料  朗读
78* Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s. 列举一场美国在 1900 年代参与的战争 。

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World War I 第一次世界大战
World War II 第二次世界大战
Korean War 朝鲜战争
Vietnam War 越战
(Persian) Gulf War (波斯湾)海湾战争
79 Who was President during World War I? 第一次世界大战期间的美国总统是谁?

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(Woodrow) Wilson 伍德罗-威尔逊
80 Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II? 美国经济大萧条和第二次世界大战期间的总统是谁?

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(Franklin) Roosevelt 富兰克林-罗斯福
81 Who did the United States fight in World War II? 美国在第二次世界大战与哪些国家作战?

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Japan, Germany, and Italy 日本、德国、义大利
82 Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in? 艾森豪在当总统以前是将军 。他曾参加哪一场战争?

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World War II 第二次世界大战
83 During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States? 在冷战期间,美国的主要顾虑是什么?

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Communism 共产主义
84 What movement tried to end racial discrimination? 哪项运动试图结束种族歧视?

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Civil rights (movement) 民权运动
85* What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do? 小马丁-路德-金的事迹是什么?

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Fought for civil rights 为民权奋斗
Worked for equality for all Americans 为所有美国人争取平等
86 What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States? 2001年9月11日发生了什么重大事件?

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Terrorists attacked the United States. 恐怖份子攻击美国 。
87 Name one American Indian tribe in the United States. 列举一个美国印地安人部族 。

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[USCIS Officers will be supplied with a list of federally recognized American Indian tribes.] 〔USCIS主考官将有联邦承认的美国印地安人部族清单 。〕
Cherokee 切洛基
Navajo 纳瓦荷
Sioux
Chippewa 齐普瓦
Choctaw 乔克陶
Pueblo 布耶布洛
Apache 阿帕契
Iroquois 伊洛奎斯
Creek 库瑞克
Blackfeet 布雷克非特
Seminole 赛米诺利
Cheyenne 夏安
Arawak 阿拉瓦克
Shawnee 萧尼
Mohegan 莫希根
Huron 休伦
Oneida 欧尼达
Lakota 拉科塔
Crow 克洛
Teton 泰顿
Hopi 贺皮
Inuit 伊努特
三、 INTEGRATED CIVICS 综合公民  
 A Geography 地理  朗读
88 Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States. 列举美国最长的两条河中的一条 。

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Missouri (River) 密苏里河
Mississippi (River) 密西西比河
89 What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States? 美国西岸濒临什么海洋?

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Pacific (Ocean) 太平洋
90 What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States? 美国东岸濒临什么海洋?

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Atlantic (Ocean) 大西洋
91 Name one U.S. territory. 列举一个美国领地 。

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Puerto Rico 波多黎各
U.S. Virgin Islands 美属维京群岛
American Samoa 美属萨摩亚
Northern Mariana Islands 北马里亚纳群岛
Guam 关岛
92 Name one state that borders Canada. 列举一个与加拿大毗连的州 。

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Maine 缅因
New Hampshire 新罕布夏
Vermont 佛蒙特
New York 纽约
Pennsylvania 宾夕法尼亚
Ohio 俄亥俄
Michigan 密西根
Minnesota 明尼苏达
North Dakota 北达科他
Montana 蒙大拿
Idaho 爱达荷
Washington 华盛顿
Alaska 阿拉斯加
93 Name one state that borders Mexico. 列举一个与墨西哥毗连的州 。

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California 加利福尼亚
Arizona 亚利桑那
New Mexico 新墨西哥
Texas 德克萨斯
94* What is the capital of the United States? 美国的首都在哪里?

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Washington, D.C. 华盛顿哥伦比亚特区
95* Where is the Statue of Liberty? 自由女神像在哪里?

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New York (Harbor) 纽约/纽约港
Liberty Island 自由岛
[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).] 〔回答纽泽西、纽约市附近、哈德逊河上也可以接受〕
 B Symbols 标志  朗读
96 Why does the flag have 13 stripes? 国旗上为什么有十三个条纹?

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Because there were 13 original colonies 因为当初有十三个殖民地
Because the stripes represent the original colonies 因为条纹代表当初的殖民地
97* Why does the flag have 50 stars? 国旗上为什么有五十颗星星?

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Because there is one star for each state 因为一个州有一颗星
Because each star represents a state 因为一颗星代表一个州
Because there are 50 states 因为有五十个州
98 What is the name of the national anthem? 美国国歌的名称是什么?

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The Star-Spangled Banner 星条旗之歌
 C Holidays 法定假日  朗读
99* When do we celebrate Independence Day? 我们在哪一天庆祝独立纪念日?

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4-Jul 7月4日
100 Name two national U.S. holidays. 列举两个美国的法定假日 。

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New Year’s Day 新年
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day 马丁路德金的生日
Presidents’ Day 总统日
Memorial Day 国殇日
Independence Day 美国国庆日
Labor Day 劳动节
Columbus Day 哥伦布日
Veterans Day 退伍军人节
Thanksgiving 感恩节
Christmas 圣诞节

带星号的 20 道重点题

申请人若年满50岁、且以永久居民(绿卡)身份在美国生活20年以上,或申请人年满55岁、且以绿卡身份在美国生活15年以上,可用中文参加测试,俗称50/20和55/15豁免。

申请人若年满65岁、且持有绿卡20年以上,除了可用中文测试外,还可只学习前面带有*号的20道试题(不用学100道),俗称65/20豁免。

 

来自:美国攻略

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